Mobility has always defined the shape of our cities. Riverfront settlements grew into major cities, railways cut these cities into pieces, and systemic support of private vehicles made suburbs possible. Investments in autonomous and shared mobility are drastically accelerating the evolution and digitalization of the urban mobility stack. This is invariably, inevitably, and permanently reshaping our urban networks.
We find ourselves at the advent of a paradigmatic shift. Over the last three years alone, investments in excess of 120 Billion USD have laid the groundwork for explosive change in connected and autonomous mobility. From aerial highways unlocking city airspace, to pedestrian gates protecting autonomous vehicles from would-be jaywalkers, ideas in the works today paint a picture of what cities might look like tomorrow.
At Trafi, we believe that by embracing digital mobility management, cities can proactively define and shape a modern urban environment. For cities to gain accurate understanding of public space usage, make data-informed policy decisions, and effectively monitor compliance to increase the safety of drivers, riders, and pedestrians, we must install digital mobility management as soon as possible.
Beyond just changing our cities, the aforementioned investments are increasing the complexity of the mobility system. Fleets are becoming more diverse with the adoption of e-bikes, cargo-bikes, drones, e-kick scooters, and autonomous vehicles. The number of mobility and logistics providers operating in cities is also set to grow, despite an expected consolidation of the market.
Propelled by large technology companies, investments in autonomous and shared mobility are increasing the speed of technological change. Developments that were expected to take years are brought onto roads in months, such as free-floating bikes and kick-scooters — or the fast digitalization of the logistics industry promoted by DropShipping practices.
For governments, the implications of these investments and concurrent results are evident.
Most importantly, autonomous and connected vehicles (as well as their makers or operators) will expect these regulations and incentives to be communicated digitally. One practical example is the implementation of low-speed zones to remotely control the speed of e-kick scooters. Currently, these regulations are primarily communicated in pseudo-digitized formats such as PDFs.
At Trafi, we believe that governments should embrace the increased digitization of the mobility stack to digitally regulate and incentivize an optimized usage of the public space, including right-of-way.
To this day, most cities rely on mapping providers to translate road-usage and other regulations digitally to users; a mostly inefficient process resulting in misuse of the public space. Direct digital policy communication could offer unified means for broadcasting changes in parking and road-access, among other infrastructure usage rules. For us it is clear that national and local governments should create, issue, and monitor policies digitally.
Digital policies will open up the opportunity for regulations and incentives to be adapted quickly and in real-time, thus promoting a more balanced utilization of the infrastructure. Case studies such as implementing dynamic pricing for toll roads based on usage have already seen a certain level of success. Moreover, defining traffic volume limits for routing algorithms prone to suggest local and often underserved roads could help avoid unsustainable strain and disruption of infrastructure.
Governments should make better data-informed decisions about policies and infrastructure investments. One area ripe for optimization relates to on-demand vehicle deployment caps.
The application of artificial intelligence to data-based decision making will open the doors to a highly streamlined and efficient system. Governments will need to identify which decisions should remain within the direct purview of people, and which should be allocated to algorithms. Regardless, understanding these algorithms will be mandatory to ensure that they are employed and regulated correctly, and securely.
Governments should claim their right to access relevant data. Working in tandem with mobility service providers, governments should define the extent and methods of data sharing and processing, while maintaining user privacy and the competitive advantage of providers. Providers, in turn, are responsible for collaborating with governments to attain the set mobility goals, while competing for market share and profitability through innovation and user experience.
The sizable investments in mobility impose two key challenges for cities:
By embracing the digitization of the mobility stack and leveraging digital mobility management to their advantage, cities can:
To make digital mobility management a reality, governments should:
Over the last five years, urban mobility has undergone fundamental changes that continue to echo throughout all city life. Governments are today reacting to the symptoms rather than addressing the causes. A lot more is going to change, and cities can no longer afford to stay behind the train of innovation. Cities need to shape, rather than be shaped by, tomorrow’s technology. As a platform for mobility, we are here to talk — and help.
Founded in 2013, Trafi is a Lithuanian tech start-up. Trafi is working shoulder-to-shoulder with cities, countries, and companies worldwide to create the best in class Mobility-as-a-Service alternative for congested cities. Trafi offers cities the possibility to connect all mobility services into one single platform where users can check itineraries and also book their tickets and trips.
Trafi’s mission is to empower cities’ urban transportation with technology and know-how and encourage citizens to use more sustainable modes of transportation by accessing all services into one single platform. Trafi is currently live in 4 continents around the world and 7 cities.